Gasoline is a refined product of crude oil. It is an important mixture of volatile, extremely flammable liquid hydrocarbon products of an oil refinery, and it has various grades. It is commonly used as fuel for internal-combustion engines. Millions of gallons of gasoline are used every day in the U.S. and around the world. It is used in most cars, landscaping equipment, boats, and aircrafts, as well as on farms and construction sites. If gasoline is not handled properly it can become a safety hazard. Gasoline can cause irritation of the nose and throat or headache and dizziness through inhalation. Gasoline is a flammable and must, therefore, meet the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standard and OSHA standards. Transportation of flammables is regulated by the Department of Transportation. To prevent fire or explosion hazards caused by flammables the primary requirement is to design and construct proper storage with good ventilation and no ignition sources. All employees should be trained and educated on how to handle flammables as well as the PPE that may be required when working with materials like gasoline.

  1. Gasoline Safety Procedures:
  • Storage:
    • Inside storage rooms must meet NFPA standards.
    • Gasoline must be stored in approved containers (Consult DOT when transporting gasoline).
    • Gasoline must be stored at room temperature, away from any heat sources, and at least 50 feet away from any ignition sources.
    • Gasoline must be stored away from houses or places of occupancy.
    • Gasoline may not be stored under steps or near exit areas.
    • No more than 60 gallons can be stored in the approved cabinets.
    • Gasoline must be stored away from traffic areas at construction sites.
    • Local and State requirements must be checked for additional gasoline storage requirements.
  • General rules:
    • No smoking in any area where gasoline is stored or handled.
    • Gasoline clean-up material must be disposed of in approved and labeled containers.
    • Transportation of all flammables must meet DOT requirements.
    • Use only approved containers with tight caps.
    • Always keep a fire extinguisher nearby when gasoline is being used.
    • Use required PPE when necessary.
  • Refueling:
    • Dispensing hoses and nozzles at the service and refueling areas must be OSHA approved.
    • Nozzles must be kept in contact with the can during filling.
    • Do not fill a container inside a car, trunk, truck bed, or any other surface besides the ground.
    • Do not refuel if sparks are present.
    • Do not overfill a tank or spill gasoline.
    • In refueling areas, gasoline must be stored in OSHA approved, closed cabinets either above or under portable tanks.